an assessment of the level of prominence and type of coverage given to the Boko-Haram crisis by the selected Newspapers

An Assessment Of The  Level Of Prominence And Type Of Coverage Given To The Boko-Haram Crisis By Some Selected Newspapers

 Background to the Study

Human beings are by nature free agents that have the capacity to seek and receive information and express it in thought, works and deeds through any media. In recognition of this freedom, democratic countries around the world have made copious provisions in their constitutions for people to buttress their freedom of expression. Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Right (1984) for example stipulates: everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers (United Nation, 1984).

This media is an effective means through which people acquire a wide variety of information to enable them make rational choices. Further, such choices may in turn promote their individual and collective interest and invariability the well-being of the community as a whole. In any democratic setting, the media often serves as a strong device of mechanism in shaping political issues and events. The 1999 constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria task the media with ensuring that the people’s rights are not trampled upon, the press, radio and television and other agencies of mass media shall at all times be free to uphold the fundamental objective and directive principles of state policy and uphold the responsibility and accountability of government of the people.

The international press institute of which Nigeria is a member encapsulates the role of the press in nation building; the press does all it can do to ensure that it writes only the truth, without distortion or without suppression. It must not disguise advertisement as editorial. It should take care not to glorify war, crime, adultery, cruelty and communal clashes with care and restraints. Continue reading an assessment of the level of prominence and type of coverage given to the Boko-Haram crisis by the selected Newspapers

An appraisal of guidance and counselling services in higher institutions

An Appraisal Of Guidance And Counselling Services In Higher Institutions In Niger State

 Background to the Study

Guidance has been acknowledged by many psychologists to be as old as the emergence of human civilization. Guidance as a formalized system of helping individuals to achieve self-direction, self-understanding and mental balance necessary to make maximum adjustment to the school, was traced to the 20th century American society (Makinde, 1990).

The concept of guidance, although relatively new in Africa as a whole, has been embraced by most developing countries. The major reason is that guidance is regarded by most countries as an educational service through which efficient manpower development can be executed. Guidance has been in Nigerian traditional society for centuries before the advent of the western model. In traditional guidance, parents, elders, peers and other specialists in the community served as counsellors (Makinde, 1984).

However, the traditional guidance was no longer adequate in all facets of an individual’s life-style and that of the country at large. Individuals have been found to need more organized type of guidance to help with the sophistication of modern life and its associated problems. Hence, the introduction of formal guidance and counselling in Nigeria in 1959 by a group of Catholic Reverend Sisters at Saint Theresa’s Collage, Ibadan. They introduced vocational information and placement services for their final year students. The professionals were not trained counsellors but they knew more about the world of work than the sisters and students. The immediate outcome of this career guidance was that virtually all the students who applied for various jobs were employed. Consequently, career guidance not only became an annual event in the collage, but those professionals were invited by other schools within Ibadan to organize similar workshops for their graduating students. Continue reading An appraisal of guidance and counselling services in higher institutions

The influence of broken homes;on academic achievement of students

The Influence Of  Broken Homes;On Academic Achievement Of Students In Bwari Area Council.

When a child is born, the family is the first primary group which it comes into contact with. The transmission of social values of right and wrong, moral and religious are transmuted by the immediate family; it therefore follows that by the time a child attains five to seven years of age he must have learnt what his rights are, its obligations and roles in the society.

However, the background of a student goes a long way to determine his or her individuality. As the child attends school, he or she will start manifesting different attitudes, traits and expectations. In addition to these, whilst they may interact with other children of the same age group, development may differ as some may be able tocope with the intellectual and social tasks in the school in varying extent and degrees.

However, a home can either be stable or broken; it is therefore the level at which the home operates that determines the academic achievement of a student in school. A broken home, can negatively influence the achievement of a student morally and academically. Also, children that have suffered from neglect or lack of love (in a broken home) are known to be psychologically imbalanced to face the realities of life. When there is disunity in the family or a difference between a mother and a father the child is caught in the middle and will be at a disadvantage. According to Blackby (1999), adequate research methodologies are used to proffer solutions in this direction to ensure smooth transition of children in these categories from early stage to adulthood.

The child’s home and his family may offer the best education since parents serve as primary teachers. The parent lays the desired foundation for the social, moral, emotional, spiritual and intellectual well-being of the child. The training received from home is of great importance in total personality formation and academic achievement as a student. It can also be observed that the pattern of life in the home (stable or broken), the economic and social status of the family in the community and many other conditions that give the home a distinctive character can influence the achievement of a student in school. Continue reading The influence of broken homes;on academic achievement of students

factors that militate against the standard of education in primary schools in Nigeria

Factors That Militate Against The Otandard of Education In Primary Schools In study of  Kwali Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory.

 Background of the Study

“Standards serve as basis of educational reform across the nation as educators and policy makers respond to a call for a clear definition of desired outcomes of schooling and a way to measure student success in terms of these outcomes” (National Research Council, 2001). From primary to higher education in Nigeria, it is glaring that the standard is falling and our morals are fast fading in a geometric proportion. A saying goes like this, “when a problem is identified, it is half-solved” sequel to the above saying it is necessary for us to identify the causes which are the factors militating against the standard of education in Nigeria. It is necessary for us to examine these factors if we are finding solutions to them.

Right from the beginning, government is to maintain the standard of education but it proved to be the colossal failure as far as education is concerned from one administrative tenure to the other, government has continued to turn its back against the education sector for just no reason. The government has allowed the standard to fall, when it should have acted to savage the sector. Public schools are not in right shapes in Nigeria again. In many public schools, student are found seated on windows and cement blocks or writing on wooden slates, teachers writing on bare walls because there are no blackboards. Beside the infrastructure, the government has failed to closely monitor education in Nigeria despite huge amount of money that is budgeted for education yearly. Examination bodies cannot be left out in terms of fallen standard of education. Examination malpractice has become the order of the day, and it is surprising that the examination bodies contribute to the malpractice. It is very easy now to pass external examination compared to the past year. This case at which students pass external examination coupled with the huge success rate had made students not to prepare for examination any longer. Continue reading factors that militate against the standard of education in primary schools in Nigeria

Assessing the challenges of area courts in the administration of justice

Assessing The Challenges of Area Courts In The Administration Of Justice:A Case Study Of The Federal Capital Territory Abuja.

Background to the Study

An Area Court, being a court of 1st instance, is an integral part of the Federal Capital Territory Judiciary which bears the heavy weight of the tremendous burden of the administration of justice system, which also come into contact with the greater percentage of the citizenry, and to this, the idea of the citizenry as to the concept of justice and its image may very well depend on what e see, hear and perceive about it.

Prior to the arrival of the colonial masters, there had been the existence of what was called the “alkali court” mainly manned by a renown Islamic scholar, and was duly administered and controlled by the Emirs and Chiefs. In 1956, however, there was a law promulgated applicable to the whole Northern Nigeria known as Native Courts Law which conferred power on the Chief Justice of Northern Nigeria for the establishment of Native Court all over the then Northern Nigeria, and this continued until 1967 when Nigeria was splited into twelve states. The newly created states in the then Northern Nigeria adopted the same law with an amendment which culminated into the establishment of the present Area Court by virtue of the Area Court Edit of 1968.

In 1976, Nigeria was also splited by the creation of more states giving the total number of nineteen and Abuja was made as the capital of Nigeria. Originally, Abuja was carved out of then Kwara, Benue/Plateau and North Western States; however, Area Court was already established in those states and to that, the Court exists prior to the creation of the Federal Capital.

In 1990, there was a collation of laws among which was the Area Court Act[1], thereby gave the Chief Judge of the Federal Capital Territory Abuja to establish Area Courts by warrant under his hand.

In 2010, the Act[2] was repealed and re-enacted by the National Assembly which was signed into law by His Excellency President Goodluck Ebele Azikwe Jonathan (GCFR), and this is the law that is currently in operation. The court was established for the purpose of achieving justice easily, speedily and cheaply, that is with less cost of litigation, however these tenets or principles of achieving justice waned away due to the practice adopted by the judges and the system, and this made the court to face too much criticism arising out of bribery and corruption, embezzlement, incompetency on the Continue reading Assessing the challenges of area courts in the administration of justice

the psychological effects broken homes on the education of primary school pupils.

The Psychological Effects Broken Homes On The Education Of Primary School Pupils.


The concept of broken home is variously understood and construed. To many, it is a bastardized home, orphanized home, troubled home, constant quarrelling home among others. In fact, a more radical school sees broken home as bedeviled, curse, outcast, beggary and uncultured homes.

However, not all these attributes are themselves true but, can at best be as more explanatory to the intensity of psychological pinches on them.

The consequences of divorce, death of one of the parents, victim of child abandonment, negligence due to excessive materialistic pursuit and sheer wickedness leading to child abuse constitute what is called broken home (Loveli, K., 1973). The home (family or parent) plays a rolemodel. This has greatest impact on the overall child’s personality development. Thus Browby J. (1952) graphically opines that: “Among the most important frustrating environmental conditions is detective failure to give the child love, security and direction.”

Psychological breakdown occasioned by broken home to the child threatens severally, his emotional stability. At a very tender age and formative age children are left at the mercies of excessive frustrated mother and surrogate parents.

The negative effect from the above scenario are new-found-above lack of motherly care, serious deprivation from attending nursery schools leading formally to acute psychological maladjustment, though from modest beginning, the result is far reaching. The broken home child will conceive in his mind the society as too hostile. Continue reading the psychological effects broken homes on the education of primary school pupils.

effects of broken homes on students academic performance in senior secondary school

Effects Of Broken Homes On Students Academic Performance In senior Secondary School In Gwagwalada Area Council FCT

Background to the Study

The home is the primary institution for children. Home as perceived by Abdulganiyu (1997), Christe (2009) defined home as a place in which an individual or a family can rest and store personal property. When a child is born, the family is the first primary group with which they come into contact. Transmission of social values or right and wrong, what is morally and religiously accepted or condemned by the family, it follows therefore that by the time a child attained five to seven years of age he must have learnt what are his rights, obligations and roles within the society.

However, the background of the students goes along way to determine his/her individuality. As the child enters schools, he/she will start manifesting different attitudes and expectations. In additions, they may be of the same age group, developed at different rates and so may be able to cope with the intellectual and social task of the school in varying extent. Continue reading effects of broken homes on students academic performance in senior secondary school

The impact of human resources management and organization performance in the public sector

The Impact Of Human Resources Management And Organization Performance In The Public Sector (A case Of The Securities And Exchange Commission.


 Management for and managing human resources are emerging as an increasingly important determinant of organizational efficiency. As organizations evolve, the complexity of the environments they operate on requires much dependence on the people that make up the organizations. A very important aspect of managing effectively the staffing process is human resources management and organization performance.   Human resource management and organization performance could be defined as a strategy for the acquisition, utilization, improvement and retention of enterprise human resources. People represent the most flexible resource available to the managers in organization the Securities and ExchangeCommission. The purpose of human resources management and organization performance in public sector is to provide for the continuous and proper staffing of the organization. Deploying people in right numbers with the right skills and in the right place is fundamental to success in organization.

Human resources management and organization performance includes an analysis of the levels of skills in the organization, an analysis of current and expected vacancies due to retirement discharges, transfers, promotion, sick leaves, leaves of  absence, training, or an analysis of current and  expected expansions or curtailment in the departments. Plans are then made for internal shifts or cutbacks in human resources, for training and development of present employees, for advertising openings, or for recruiting and hiring of new peoplewith the appropriate qualification or for all these approaches (Wendel: 1970: 198). Continue reading The impact of human resources management and organization performance in the public sector

Effect Of Capital Flight On Nigerian Economic Growth And Development

Effect Of Capital Flight On Nigerian Economic Growth And Development.

Background to the Study

In 1960 and early 1970s, when Nigeria was basically agrarian, surviving on agriculture by exporting cocoa, palm produce, timber, cotton and rubber to developed countries. During this period, agriculture contributed to over 60% of the GDP. At this period, the rate of capital outflow from Nigeria was very low compare to the current state of capital flight in the country. In the early1970s, the exploration of crude oil came to limelight and became a major source of revenue for Nigeria and the major foreign reserves and when the price of oil fell, government revenue also fell drastically. The discovery of crude oil has therefore impacted on economic growth and development of the country. (Louis, 1999)

Nigeria is endowed with both natural and human resources. The discovery of crude oil has made Nigeria to be one of the countries with great potential to develop. But the reverse was the case for Nigeria. This means that Nigeria is suffering from “resource curse” which implies the abundance of natural and human resources with a limited growth rate. Despite the abundance of natural resources essential for the development of the country, and that can lead to improvement in the welfare of the economy, the country is still less developed. Resource curse can be traced to mismanagement and corruption. Research has shown that Corruption and mismanagement are one of the determinants of “capital flight”.

A generally acceptable definition of the term ‘capital flight’ can hardly be given, but most times, it is related to capital which is shifted out of developing countries. Lesser and Williamson (1987) defined capital flight as ‘resident capitalc outflow excluding recorded investment abroad’. However, if capital shifts out of developed countries, it is usually termed as capital outflows, investors from developed countries are seen as responding to investment opportunities while investors from developing countries are said to be escaping the high risk they perceive at home (Ajayi, 1997). Thus, according to Schneider (2003), Capital flight involves the outflows of resident capital which is motivated by economic and political uncertainties in the home country. Such lost of resources do not contribute to the expansion of domestic activities or to the improvement of social welfare of domestic resident. On the contrary, they imply forgone goods and services essential to sustaining economic growth. (Beja, 2006). Continue reading Effect Of Capital Flight On Nigerian Economic Growth And Development

The causes of lack of interest in history education in some selected secondary schools

The Causes Of Lack Of Interest In History Education In Some Selected Secondary Schools In Kaduna South LGA.

When the issue of history education is raised, the first set of thought that come to mind are decline in teachers availability to teach the subject, deterioration of facilities, lack of interest syndrome and many other things. This calls for in-depth study and analysis aimed to awakening each and every stakeholder in education on how their action individually or collectively contributed to the collapsed of history education in Kaduna south local government area of Kaduna state, Nigeria.

History education plays an important and greater role in the life of students by vividly exploring the ancestral development or history ancestors and forefathers looking succinctly on how they originated, how they lived their lives and subsequently the factors that might have hindered them from peaceful co-existence. Due to the fact that history is past oriented, it has been found very useful in many ways. Among which is the enrichment of human experience. Experience in this context means a phenomenon by which a self-conscious being interacts with the environment and goes through life among generations in a bid to see their past lives, thereby interacting with the past (Crookail, 1973). Similarly, history enables man to understand other people societies.

The history of any set of people equips us with the knowledge of forces that co-operated to produce the human type under consideration such forces includes the physical, economic, political, religious ideas and logical and technological pressures that influenced the lives of the people in question. Besides, it helps restore the respect and dignity of man within his society. This is because the knowledge of history enables one to respect other people culture and changes ones behavior and attitude towards culture and traditions. Continue reading The causes of lack of interest in history education in some selected secondary schools