THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF AGENCY PRACTICE IN ENUGU URBAN

THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF AGENCY PRACTICE IN ENUGU URBAN (CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE)

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 INTRODUCTION/RESEARCH DESIGN

THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF AGENCY PRACTICE IN ENUGU URBAN (CASE STUDY OF ENUGU STATE) Research design is a strategy or approach to be used for conducting a scientific enquiring, a research design is a plan or blue print that specifies how data relating to a particular problem should be collected and analyzed.agency

In this study, a research survey was conducted to supplement other sources of data; this includes text books, journals and other printed materials. Survey research studies both large and small population to discover the relative incidence, distribution and interrelation of sociological and physiological variables. Survey research is more reliable for this study because it ensures samples to be selected from the entire population in other to analyze data, which would allow the researcher to make references on characteristics of the identified population. Therefore, a well constructed questionnaire was used to pose relevant questions to the respondents.

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3.2 BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE STUDY AREA

The research covered Ogui New layout and G.R.A (Government Reserved Area) Enugu. Ogui New layout located at  the North of Enugu has a high population density. Commercial and residential properties are found in this area but much more of commercial properties.

This area comprises of the low income earners and few high income earners.

Government Reserved area (G.R.A) on the other hand is located at Enugu Urban. It’s mostly for residential use. High income earners are mostly found here as they  can afford to transport themselves at a high cost from their area to the central business district for work or business transaction.

3.3 POPULATION OF STUDY

The population of the study comprises the population of Ogui New layout and G.R.A in Enugu and limited to them alone. The population of study is 115(one hundred and fifteen) respondents. (i.e landlords/owners of residential properties 50, landlords/owners of residential properties 50, Estate Surveyors and values of both properties 15)

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3.4 SAMPLE SIZE AN SAMPLING TECHNIQUE

Ndagi (1984:75) defined sample size as “a limited number of elements selected from a population which is a representation of the population.”Hence, sample size determination involves showing how the representation of that population was selected. According to Harper (1971) is a group of items taken from the population for examination. It is simply a smaller part of the population. Sample is useful because they allow the researcher to examine the characteristics of the population.

The yaro Yamane statistical formular was adopted for  this research work. This formular is thus;

N= n.1 +Ne2

Where;

N= Population of study = 115

N= Sample size = ?

E= level of significance or margin of error = 0.05

I= Unit (a constant)

Replacing the values in the above formular, we have n= 89 the researcher distributed 89 respondents only 80 were returned. Therefore analysis of data was based on the response of the 80 respondents.

3.5 SOURCES OF DATA COLLECTION

In a bid to gather the data used in this research, various means were used depending on the type of information sought. The chief sources of data includes

Primary source

Secondary source

3.5.1 PRIMARY SOURCE

This source of data collection provided a means of collecting first-hand information for the research, specially the under listed method served this useful purpose.

  1. Questionnaires
  2. Oral interview
  3. Field Survey
  4. Physical survey
  1. QUESTIONNAIRES

In designing the questionnaires for this project, the questions were designed in such a manner as to attract vital answers which are expected to help the researcher in analyzing the situation at hand. Specifically, sets of questionnaires are designed. These include a set for owners/landlords and Estate surveyors and valuers of residential and commercial properties.

Essentially, the questionnaire addressed to owners/landlords of Residential and commercial property poses questions which bother on how the use of residential property affects the rent passing on it why some properties put for residential use command higher rents while some do not .

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Importantly the questions in the questionnaires were designed with the objective of the project in mind.

  1. ORAL INTERVIEW

The nature and level of this project has necessitated a call for oral interview among the people responsible for the success of the project. Also, a project of this nature would have been inconclusive without personal interview of owner/landlord and Estate surveyor and valuer for both properties in Ogui New layout and G.R.A Enugu.

  1. FIELD SURVEY

A detailed field survey was taken on the trends in agency practice of residential and commercial properties in Ogui New layout Enugu from 2012 to 2014.

  1. PHYSICAL SURVEY

A well detailed physical survey of residential and commercial properties was carried out on the study area.

3.5.2 SECONDARY SOURCE

Secondary source were taken from various journals, gazette, seminar paper, textbook, past project and some other documented materials, some of which were published while some were not.

3.6 INSTRUMENT FOR DATA COLLECTION

Owing to the area covered by this study, questionnaire was designed for data collection .The questionnaire was personally designed and administered to the respondents while retrieval was equally through the same process. It consists of a set of question designed to gather information data for analyzing the result of which are used to answer the question or test relevant hypothesis. The questionnaire was prepared in brief structure with multiple choice close ended answer and simple opened questions. The questions were clear and concise. Pilot test was used to determined the strength of work.

3.7 METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION

The researcher administered the questionnaires personally to the respondents. The researcher vetted the outlet routinely  using the questionnaires to the residents and firms and also making sure that the issuing of double questionnaire was avoided and ensured minimum loss of questionnaires.  With the questionnaire administered/distributed to about 89 respondents, 80 were collected as dully completed on completion of the exercise.

3.8 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS

In the presentation, analysis and interpretation of data , tabular, statistical and textual modes of data presentation are used. The responses for each relevant question in the questionnaire are represented in tables and the statistical result used to compare relevant importance to various answers.

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