The Influence Of Home Environment On Academic Performance Of Secondary Students

The Influence Of Home Environment On Academic Performance Of Secondary Students In Enugu North Local Government Area Of Enugu State

Abstract

This research works “the influence of Home Environment on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Student in Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu State” is designed to find out the impact of home environment on academic performance of secondary school students in Enugu North Local

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After payment, text the name of the project, email address and your names to 08064502337 Government Area of Enugu State. To investigate on this, the following research questions were formulated: (i) Do the socio-economic status of the parents influence the child’s education? (ii) Do children from polygamous home perform better academically than those from monogamous homes in secondary schools? (iii)      Does the level of academic status of parents affect the degree of the academic performance of the students? (iv) Do children from stable homes perform better than those from broken homes? To analyze these questions, cross sectional data were collected based on the research questions stated above through questionnaire administration. The methodology adopted was survey research method employing statistical mean techniques to analyze the data. The analysis yielded some interesting results which include the following: (i) home environment has a significant impact on academic performance of secondary school students. (ii)family structure has influence on academic performance of secondary school students . Based on the findings, the following are recommended: (i) Parents should be educated on the need to have a good   relation within the home environment as it tends to have adverse effect on the academic performance of their children if not done. (ii)Polygamous marriage should be discouraged,considering the negative impact it has within the family circle and the psychological and academic implication on the children. (iii) Parents children relationship should be encouraged in enhance the development of the child both psychologically and academically. (iv) Government should be organizing seminars and conferences for teachers, parents and students in a defined interval. (v) Parents teachers association (PTA) should be meeting regularly. (vi) Government should improve on the economic empowerment of her citizens as this could go along    way      in improving the educational standard of her citizenry, thereby enhancing the growth of the economy

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

            Background of the Study

This work focuses on the influence of Home Environment on the Academic Performance of Secondary School Student in Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu State. The topic can be analyzed by first knowing what the concept “Environment” is all about. Therefore a brief touch on the meaning is very necessary. However, it is logical to start with the question, what is environment.

Environment according to Oxford Advanced Dictionary is the natural conditions like land, air and water in which plant and animal live and also circumstances affecting their lives. Environment can be physical environment which deals with materials aspect such as infrastructure, availability of resources and   facilities. It can also be a psychological environment which includes the Home, School Community and significance of other people in our lives such as Parents, Peers and Siblings. The quality of home is very significant; some have as history or tradition of formal education and modern influence while others are not so well equipped. The resources, facilities in both homes will influence the learning ability of children born into the home. Studies have shown that if  a child live in an  improvised environment for the first four  years of his/her life, the child is likely to below in ability of learning and lose as many as he would have learnt.

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According to Ada Rose N. and Onyemachi J. 2009, 160, learning environment is one of the most essential elements in education through teaching and learning. The role of the physical, social, psychological and organizational environments is immense relevance in educational process. Educational policy makes so much concern of effective quality of learning environment. The village square, open place, community learning centre the wider society.

They further emphasized that the environments expected to have essential physical facilities appropriate social working conditions (i.e. conducive interpersonal relations) informal setting and conductive organizational setting for effective participation of the learners. Knowles (2005) pointed out that the aspect of the environment which all theorists consider very important for effective learning is the riches and accessibility of resources (human and physical materials).

James O.E. (2008) stated that non-formal education (home) is the first enduring environment for preparation and readiness for school work in the child. The influence of home in readiness for formal education cannot be overemphasized, for this reason; the quality of home environment has a greater influence to the child effective participation in formal education, aids and setting. It is the family which first exposes/a child to educational aids and recreational activities. The role of parents contributes a lot to the academic achievement of their children in school. It is assumed that students from home that have interest in education tend to perform excellently in their subject areas. This is because they are motivated and encourage by their parent’s commitment to their academic performance and social development. Thus, home is the primary factor that determines the childs academic development and growth. Home is widely assured to provide a conducive atmosphere that will help the child in learning.

Statement of the Problem

In this topic, the problem is aimed at knowing how the environment of the home affects the performance of students in secondary school level. The secondary schools mostly concerned are those in Enugu North Local Government Area. What effect does home environment has on students as it is the first place where a child gets all the informal education before the formal one. The way a child respondents to activities in the home will determine whether he will be sharp or last in school. Also most parents are much more in pursuance of money and economic goal than the care of their children. Such parents are unable or refusal to provide the basic needs of the child and it affect the child academic performance in school negatively. Some of these basic needs of students are reading materials like textbook, note books, mathematical set, and four figure tables and so on. When parent cannot provide their children with these basic reading materials, a child who is growing up in an educationally sound environment may be tends to sharpen his attitude towards life and towards a particular profession. The level of enlightenment of either the parents or guardians has a great role to play in shaping his/her academic exposure of the child. Children whose parents are not of high intelligence quotient are bound to inherit such trait through genetic transfer and such children are some times referred to as a chip of the block.

This project topic made a very interesting research in an area where there are disparities in the level of socio economic attainment existing among the various homes especially in highly urbanized area. In the case of Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu State, the level of socio-economic development of its inhabitants is under-developed. This makes it increasingly difficult for one to differentiate between homes. Examples, over seventy percent (70%) of the inhabitants of this area are either peasant farmers or petty traders who are less exposed to electricity that would have aided to acquisition and utilization of radio set, television and other audio visual aids. The level of literacy generally among these pars is still very low. These constraints do not in any way increase the exposure of the child informal acquisition of knowledge.

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In this content, therefore it is assumed that the children are brought up under a uniform environmental setting at home for this would have given room for a sort of detailed comparative analysis. This is unlike the case of children brought up in urban area when there are lots of audio-visual aids that can help the child at home. In conclusion, it could be said, apart from endowment, his comprehension, assimilation and digestion of knowledge capabilities over the years, there has been alarm on the fallen standard of education in Nigeria. Many conflicting views have been expressed by various authorities as the factors that are responsible for this poor standard of academic performance of secondary school students while some blame the poor performance on the government’s inadequacy in fulfilling on its obligations towards education. Others maintained that teachers are responsible for this state of affairs in the educational sector. The trust of the project is to critically examine and analyze the affect of home background on the academic performance of secondary school students, while some blame the poor performance on the government’s inadequacy in fulfilling on its responsible for the state of affairs in the educational sector. The trust of the academic performance of secondary school students, though effort has been made in the past to carry out this research in Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu State, but now, this work seek to investigate on how the role played by the home directly or indirectly affects academic performance of secondary school students.

The following question is considered.

  1. What is the mystery surrounding the disparities in the performance of student from different homes learning under the same school environment?
  2. Does the socio-economic status of the home have any considerable influence on student’s academic performance?
  3. What effect does the learning environment has on the educational achievement of students?

Purpose of the Study

This study is aimed at finding out the following:

(i)         To determine the extents the home influence the academic performance of students in some selected secondary school in Enugu North Local Government       Area.

(ii)        To examine the relationship that exits between socio-economic status of the home and student academic performance.

(iii)       To know the extent the homes influence the educational foundation given to the student during formative years of their formal education.

  • To examine extent the socio-economic status of the home provides visual aids for meaningful education advancement.
  • To examine the relationship between parent’s literacy level, their attitudes towards Enugu North customs and belief which many be reviewed if the student will ever scale through the modern challenges of formal education.
  • To examines briefly whether the relationship between the child and parents affects the academic performance of the child in the secondary school
  • To offer suggestions to parents and government alike on how the home will be assisted to guide and counsel the less privileged students and home teachers in Enugu North local Government Area to facilitate better academics.

Significance of the Study

This study is going to be significant in many ways to many people. It will make a good contribution in dealing with problems arising from home in relation to education. It will help the school policy makers to find out the effect of home environment on the benefit, to both teachers and guidance/counselors of their respective planning for instance, establishing a relationship between the academic qualifications of parents, marital set up of home, parents and child relationship on the performance of students.

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The study will go a long way to letting the authorities concerned to be aware of the effects of socio-economic background on the students’ academic performance.

Scope of the Study

This research work on the influence of the home background on the academic performance of students is carried out in Enugu North Local Government Area of Enugu State. There are twenty registered secondary school in the Local Government Area. However as a result of time factor, finance and transport constraints, the research could only be made on some of the secondary school of the Local Government Area.

Consequently, ten (10) secondary schools were sampled, they include:

  1. Coal Camp Secondary School Enugu
  2. Uwani Secondary School
  3. Iva-Valley Comprehensive Secondary School
  4. Government Secondary School Enugu
  5. Government Secondary School Enugu
  6. Collary Secondary School Enugu
  7. Urban Girls Secondary School
  8. City Girls Secondary School
  9. H.R.C Enugu
  10. I.C. Boys Secondary School

Research Questions

The research questions to be answered in the study are:

  1. Does the socio-economic status of the parents influence the child’s education?
  2. Do children from polygamous home perform better academically than those from monogamous homes in secondary schools.
  3. Does the level of academic status of parents affects the degree of the academic performance of the students child.
  4. Do children from stable homes perform better than those from broken homes?
  5. Does the learning environment affect the academic performance of children?

Definition of Terms

The following key word or group of words have their dictionary definitions and must also have been defined by various authorities, but for the purpose of this work they have been defined as follows:

  1. Home: This is where a child, parents or guardian live and from where the child set out to and from school.
  2. Academic Performance: This is the records of the students at school in all his examination?
  3. Normal Home: This is a home where child’s parent are living together.
  4. Socio-economic Status: This is the classification of        home based on their economic status (Rich Home or             Poor Home)
  5. Broken Home: This is a home where the child’s parents are not living together as a result of formal divorce.
  6. Polygamous: This is a situation where a man is having more than one wife at a time.
  7. Monogamous: This is a situation where a man is having only one wife at a time.

The Influence Of Home Environment On Academic Performance Of Secondary Students In Enugu North Local Government Area Of Enugu State

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