COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ASH AND MOISTURE CONTENTS OF RIPE AND UN-RIPE PLANTAIN (Musa Paradisiaca)
The results of the ash and moisture contents, of ripe and unripe plantain showed that ripe plantain had 57% of moisture and 10% of ash contents. Also unripe plantain had moisture content of 50% and 10% ash contents. Meanwhile, both ripe and unripe plantain had comparatively high moisture contents, but the moisture content of ripe plantain was slightly higher by 7%. Also, the ash content of ripe plantain is higher than that of unripe plantain by 5%.
- BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Fruits and vegetables are important components of a healthy diet. Some fruits like plantain offer great nutritional benefits. This is partly because it aid in the body’s retention of calcium, nitrogen and phosphorus, all of which work to build healthy and regenerated tissues (Sullivan and Carpenter 1993). The proximate composition of any foodstuff represents the moisture, crude protein, fat, minerals, crude fiber and carbohydrate which taken together on percent basis. Proximate analysis also known as Weende analysis is a chemical method of assessing and expressing the nutritional value of a feed which reports the moisture, ash (minerals), crude fibre, crude fat and crude protein (total nitrogen) presents in a food as a percentage of dry weight. The proximate analysis gives the overall nutritional composition of the sample in question. This is briefly complemented by anti-nutrient and mineral composition of the sample (Brady, 1970).
The proximate system for routine analysis of animal feedstuff was devised in the mid-nineteenth century at the Weende Experiment station in Germany (Henneberg and Stohmann, 2004). It developed to provide a top level, very broad, classification of food components. The system consists of the analytical determinations of water (moisture), ash, crude fat (ether extract), crude protein and crude fibre. Continue reading COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ASH AND MOISTURE CONTENTS OF RIPE AND UN-RIPE PLANTAIN (Musa Paradisiaca)