EFFECT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT

EFFECT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT STUDY OF SOME SELECTED INDUSTRIES IN JOS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND TO THE PROBLEM

            Every human settlement service, the provision of portable water is perhaps the most vital as every person depends on it for domestic and industrial uses.- encyclopedia Britannica,(2010). However, about 99% of the earth’s water is unsuitable for human utilities. Thus, Botkim and Keller (1998) observed that the availability of water on a global scale is not the problem per se, but the availability in the right place, right time and in the right form. Industrial wastewater is water discarded as worthless or unwanted, defective and of no further value for economic or gainful process and activities- Adegoke,(1990). Continue reading EFFECT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT

ASSESSMENT OF DRIVER EDUCATION ON ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES

AN ASSESSMENT OF DRIVER EDUCATION ON ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES IN GWAGWALADA AREA COUNCIL

ABSTRACT

This study is concerned with the effects of driver education on road traffic crash involvement in Gwagwalada Area Council. The main objectives are: to assess the level of education of drivers in Gwagwalada Area Council; to  determine the level of drivers training in the study area; to determine the relationships between the level of education and road traffic crash on one hand and between the level of drivers training and road traffic crash on the other. Data for this study were obtained on the demographic and socio-economic characteristics of commercial drivers and their road crash involvement. The characteristics considered are sex, age, income, level of education, drivers training (education), driving experience, and road traffic crash involvement. These were obtained through questionnaire administered to commercial drivers and also through Focus Group Discussion (FGD). Data on road traffic crash were also obtained from the Federal Road Safety Corps. The data obtained were analysed using simple tables, graphs and chi-square statistical techniques. Analysis of the data led to the conclusion that: the level of education of the drivers has no effect on road traffic crashes; there exists a positive relationship between drivers training and road traffic crash. Drivers who pass through driving schools before being licenced have less road traffic crashes. Drivers training are more related to road traffic crash than the level of education. The study therefore recommends for the establishment of standard driving schools under proper supervision of regulatory agencies and for the Law on licenses that require mandatory training of new drivers in driving schools to be properly enforced. The study also recommends periodic retraining of commercial drivers.  Continue reading ASSESSMENT OF DRIVER EDUCATION ON ROAD TRAFFIC CRASHES

Assessment of the Domestic Water Supply Situation in Old Karu Area of Abuja

Assessment of the Domestic Water Supply Situation in Old Karu Area of Abuja, Nigeria.

Background to the Study

Water is an essential natural resource for human existence. It is needed in almost every process. For instance, it is used for oil refining for liquid, liquid   extraction in hydro metallurgical process for coition for scrubbing in the iron and steel industry and for several operations in food processing facilities. Continue reading Assessment of the Domestic Water Supply Situation in Old Karu Area of Abuja

Implication of unplanned settlement on environmental quality in qwaqwalada town

Implication Of Unplanned Settlement On Environmental Quality In Qwaqwalada Town.

The term environment is generally seen as the total surrounding of an organism in a given area including the physical surrounding, climate factors and other factors (Peter, 2003). According to Ogidiolu and Balogun (2000), environment offers opportunity as well as limitation to human existence and survival. If man has to continue to live on the earth then the sustainability of the resources of the environment must be his priority. In Nigeria, the rapid urbanization and the quest for development has brought great pressure on the environment. Urbanization or urban growth is a process of human agglomeration in multifunctional settlement of relatively substantial size (Mabogunje, 1981). In more general terms, unapproved settlements are found within the traditional or the indigenous part of our cities where the prevailing socio-economic and environmental conditions raised several problems both to the inhabitants, the general public and the environment (Castells, 1993). Such an area has an image of poverty, unemployment, overcrowding, crime, poor housing quality, lack or break down of basic infrastructural facilities such as water supply, access roads, electricity supply among others (Mamman, 2006). Also unplanned settlements can endanger the health, safety and moral of the inhabitants and the public at large (George, 1999). The majorities of unplanned settlements dwellers earn their living in informal but crucial activities and therefore provide services that may not be so easily available through the formal sector.

to the inhabitants, the general public and the environment (Castells, 1993). Such an area has an image of poverty, unemployment, overcrowding, crime, poor housing quality, lack or break down of basic infrastructural facilities such as water supply, access roads, electricity supply among others (Mamman, 2006). Also unplanned settlements can endanger the health, safety and moral of the inhabitants and the public at large (George, 1999). The majorities of unplanned settlements dwellers earn their living in informal but crucial activities and therefore provide services that may not be so easily available through the formal sector. Continue reading Implication of unplanned settlement on environmental quality in qwaqwalada town