THE EFFECTS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY ON THE LEARNING OF THE CHILDREN IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN KWALI AREA COUNCIL, FEDERAL CAPITAL TERRITORY, ABUJA.
The main purpose of this research work is to investigate into the effect of Juvenile Delinquency on the Learning of Children in Primary Schools in Kwali Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory.
The researcher posed five questions as follows:
What are the effects of stealing on the Learning of the children?
What are the effects of aggression on the Learning of the children?
What are the effects of cheating on the Learning of the children?
What are the effects of alcoholism and drug abuse on the Learning of the children?
What are the effects of promiscuity on the Learning of the children?
A questionnaire of four Likert scales was used by the researcher to collect the data. She used simple percentage to analyze the data. The findings of the work showed that juvenile delinquency have numerous negative effects on the learning of the children. To conclude, the researcher recommended ways for the teachers, parents, school authorities, guidance counsellors, curriculum planners, etc, to use in order to combat juvenile delinquency in our schools, homes and society at large.
Background of the Study
It is glaring that many teachers at one time or the other have to bring classroom discussion to a pause in other to handle problem behaviour of the pupils. However, not all forms of problem behaviour may so disrupt the classroom procedures.
There are many special problems of children such as: Juvenile delinquency, stammering, nail biting and thumb sucking, enuresis and truancy. These behaviour problems are important to teachers because they need to help the children who have them. For learning to occur in any of the children with behaviour problem, such problem must be dealt with. One of the behaviour problems which hampers learning is juvenile delinquency. If the children are allowed to live with the problem(s), they affect the children’s classroom work and can also grow into very serious problem in future.
Juvenile delinquency can be said to be “the anti-social behaviour of a criminal nature exhibited by a young person under the age of 18” (NTI 2000, EDU 113) primary schools, children manifest problem behaviours some of which are anti-social. Among such behaviours are: stealing, aggression, cheating, alcoholism and drug abuse, promiscuity, e.t.c.
Stealing is the commonest of the delinquencies. The children may steal pencils, biros, erasers, books and money from their classmates. Sometimes, parent’s money could be stolen and brought to the school by their children. It is advisable that the teachers should note the child that comes to school with a lot of money and report to the appropriate authority.
Aggression is another form of delinquency. It is typically reaction to frustration. Young pupils especially boys, tend to be aggressive. Aggression emendates in the following ways: fighting, bullying of the juniors by the seniors, damaging of school property and mockery. Fighting may result into death.
A common act of delinquency is cheating. Cheating is common in examinations. Some children bring written materials into the examination class or hall to copy. Others copy from their seat mates. Teachers should be vigilant to detect cheats, especially, during examinations and test. He should take time and explain the consequences of cheating to the pupils so that they could shun it.
Alcoholism and Drug Abuse are found in the upper primary classes, some of whom are of secondary school age. Illicit gins and drug may sometimes be brought to school in small containers. The teachers should be vigilant about such cases and provide the necessary remedy because if not checked, may lead to addiction in later life.
In the upper primary classes, some matured girls may be promiscuous. They may have boyfriends (Lovers) among the matured boys and even teachers. This may result into pregnancy. The pregnancy may lead to abortion and the abortion in turn may result into dangerous consequences such as death.
Delinquency generally is common among adolescents but can still be found among primary school pupils and will definitely affect their learning negatively.
Statement of the Problem
Juvenile delinquency is a problem found among pupils of primary schools especially upper classes and also in junior secondary schools as well as senior secondary schools. This behaviour problem is a psychological problem and can therefore affect the learning of the children negatively. In fact, the negative effect of the problem will not only be on the delinquents but also on other pupils in the class in particular and the school in general. It also affects the teaching negatively.
Some teachers feel that they should not concern themselves with the delinquent or anti-social behaviours of the pupil. This is bad and sad. A good deal of school problems can be prevented by the school and by suitable behaviour of the teachers. It is based on the negative consequences that Juvenile delinquency posed on the learning of the pupils (delinquents), learning of other pupils in the class and the school, the instruction of the teachers, the parents and the society in general, that the researcher decided to investigate into the effects of juvenile delinquency on the learning of the children in primary schools in Kwali Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory.
Purpose of the Study
The main purpose of this research is to investigate into the effects of juvenile delinquency on the learning of the children in primary schools in Kwali Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory.
To find out the effects of stealing on the learning of the children.
To investigate into the effects of aggression on the learning of the children.
To ascertain the effects of cheating on the learning of the children.
To find out the effects of alcoholism and drug abuse on the learning of the children.
To investigate into the effects of promiscuity on the learning of the children.
The researcher decided to ask the following questions in order to find solutions to the research problem.
What are the effects of stealing on the learning of the children?
What are the effects of aggression on the learning of the children?
What are the effects of cheating on the learning of the children?
What are the effects of alcoholism and drug abuse on the learning of the children?
What are the effects of promiscuity on the learning of the children?
Significance of the Study
The results and findings of this work will help the teachers to be able to cope with the juvenile delinquents in their classes.
Secondly, it will also assist the school administrators to find some measures to prevent Juvenile delinquency in the school.
Thirdly, parents will also be assisted on how to cope and prevent Juvenile delinquency in their homes.
Fourthly, parents will be encouraged to support academically any of their children that he/she is a delinquent, and not to consider them as outcast since there is hope for them to change for good.
Fifthly, the juvenile delinquents will be advised to shun any kind of delinquency that they may be indulged in as this is detrimental to their health as well as learning.
Sixthly, this work will help guidance counsellors to tighten up their belts in respect of their job as counsellors in order to properly guide those pupils that are found with behaviour problem.
Seventhly, the work will help curriculum planners on how to plan curriculum taking into cognisance that some behaviour problems abound among some students in the school.
Lastly, the school administrators will be advised to employ the services of school counsellors and thus provide them with offices and the necessary equipment in each school.
Scope of the Study
Geographically, this study will cover primary schools in Kwali Area Council of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT), Abuja. Content wise, it will be on the effects of juvenile delinquency on the children focussing on the effects of the juvenile delinquency on the learning of the children, on the learning of other pupils who are class mates or school mates of the Juvenile delinquents, effects of the juvenile delinquency on the instruction or teaching of the teachers, how juvenile delinquency affects the contribution of the parents toward learning of their children particularly, the juvenile delinquents and lastly, the effects of juvenile delinquency on the society in general.