THE ROLE OF AN ACCOUNTANT IN THE POVERTY ALLEVIATION PROGRAMMES OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

THE ROLE OF AN ACCOUNTANT IN THE POVERTY  ALLEVIATION PROGRAMMES OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT (A CASE STUDY OF OWERRI    NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

ABSTRACT

All to often, one Nigerian from diverse background engage themselves in argument about the desirability, objectives result and effectiveness of government policies. In doing this, they most times got emotional about these policies, and because they do not have the necessary fowls for evaluating public policies which ends up with inaccurate judgments. This project is an effort in equipping the impact the role of an accountant in the poverty alleviation or alleviation programme on rural communities in Nigeria. The aim of this study is basically to show the readers the effects of government towards reducing poor living standard of the people, five research questions were employed. The cross-sectional survey design was considered appropriate together with the study of ten years Annual Financial Reports of the sample within Owerri region. The statistical tools used to analyze the data was simple percentage, it covers areas of educations, health and housing. One hundred and eighty (180) questionnaires were administered to the selected samples. The findings and discussions covers the socio-demographic and socio-cultural factors. It also covers the characteristics of the respondent and information in the role of an accountant in the poverty alleviation policies and programmes in rural communities. Other findings include the fact that poverty is a multi-variant phenomenon in which income, standard of living, health, housing, education and marital status and all relevant to its identification and employment, occupation, wage level, demographic factors and a number of other variable in the social framework, all play role in its generations. It was therefore recommended that government can attract more remedies for eliminating or minimizing poverty. In order to ensure a change and to see that the poor are raised above poverty line, Agriculture still remain the single largest employer of labour in rural areas to date. A concerted effort should be made by state and federal government to enhance the investment competitiveness of the agricultural sector. The role of education in building the human capital of any nation cannot be overstressed. The government should ensure that the educational inequality between the rich and the poor and even the urban and rural areas is closed, in this regard, they should fund the schools in the rural areas  very well, so that by so doing, the children of the poor can benefit.

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION
  • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Every one now acknowledges the fact that poverty is a global phenomenon threatening the survival of humanity. With more than one billion people living in a state of abject poverty. Now it is generally accepted that dangers posed by poverty must be addressed and alleviated in the short-run and eliminated in the long-run.

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Consequently, they have come out with such terms like “poverty alleviation” poverty eradication. All these have been a policy initiated by the past administration to tackle poverty effectively and efficiently in Nigeria.

In this chapter, I intended to examine the “role of an accountant in the poverty alleviation policies and programmes on rural community in Nigeria, which have been adopted over the years by successive Nigerian governments aimed at tackling the problems of poverty in the country. Before stepping into this, I would like to examine how poverty is measured.

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Poverty can be conceptualized and measured in different ways. The conventional approach focuses on the quantifiable poverty line based solely on consumption and expenditure pattern (World Bank 2006), while the poverty line is an important measure of poverty in a country over time. Poverty goes beyond income level. It comprises access to health care and education, respect, status, isolation within communities and feelings of powerlessness and hopelessness. Poverty is melt- dimensional and many of its dimensions are often hidden.

Secondary, the united Nation Development Programme (UNDP), uses the human development index (HDI) to measure human progress or retrogression. This is done by utilization data purchase power parily (PPP) or real GBP per capital adjustment for the local; of diving.

As of 2004 the UNDO ranked miten 146 country in its HDI. This shows that the level of poverty is very high in the country (UNDP 2005:3).

However, poverty in Nigeria can be viewed from the dimensions, urban and individual poverty. Urban poverty deals with the aggregation of the poor as a social form of urban poverty is evident in such terms as slums, gettos, or shanty, town, these terms describes certain area of the city by its stage of physical deteriorate and are occupied by individuals experiencing various rounds of social deprivation that include level of unemployment and inadequate, social welfare services.

In addition to these, policy and programmes alleviation of poverty calls for the provision of conducive environment  for heavy investment. These includes good and accessible road network, simple and affordable transportation, low and medium housing for the populace portable water supply, agricultural and industrial development.

In a quest to achieve these, the Nigerian government had in the past and present constituted policies, programmes and bodies to see to a speedy result. These poverty alleviation policies and programmes include operation feed the nation (OFN) (1976), Green Revolution 1978, structural Adjustment Programme (SAP 1980’s) Directorate for Food, Road and Rural Infrastructure (DFRRI 1986), National Directorate of Employment (NDE), Better Life and Family Support Programme Education for all by year 2000, the economic advancement programme which is the brain child of farmer president, Olusegun Obasanjo, Electricity by the years 2010 and other self help programmes like Keke Napepe, needs seven point agenda, Micro finance scheme etc.

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

This boils down to what constitutes the problem on the study of impact of poverty alleviation policies and programs in rural communities in Nigeria. Just like the cause of poverty, the problems bed evil. Poverty alleviation policies and programmes in rural communities in Nigeria reference to Owerri North Local Government Area of Imo state are many and dimensional.

  1. Poor co-ordination: Firstly, poverty alleviation programs in Nigeria communities suffer from or inadequate co-ordination. There is no known umbrella organization that co-ordinates the activities of PAP’s in the country. This is the main reason why some PRP gets themselves involve in the duplication of functions.
  2. Another problem controlling PAP in the rural communities is inadequate fund, it would have been expected that adequate consummate amount of money be released for care such as NDE, to combat via mass employment creation. Meanwhile, what government most often make available to PAP is not enough to enable them take the magnitude of poverty in the country.
  3. There is also lack of comprehensive policy framework of poverty alleviation. This is supposed to articulate ways by which various manifestation of poverty can be effectively and efficiently tackled so as to ensure sustainable growth and development in the country.
    • OBJECTIVE OF STUDY
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The main objective of this study is to examine the role of an accountant in the poverty alleviation policies and programmes and rural communities in Nigeria with a view to suggesting strategies that will promote the standard of living of the rural dwellers.

The specific objective are:

  1. To identify the role of an accountant in the poverty alleviation policies and programmes of federal government on rural communities in Nigeria.
  2. To identify the remote course of rural poverty especially in rural areas.
  3. To examine governments efforts in curbing poverty in Nigeria in general.
  4. To examine the areas in which poverty alleviation policies and programmes have improved the lives of people in Nigeria.
  5. To make suggestions and recommend towards policies on poverty alleviation.
    • RESEARCH QUESTION
  6. What are the roles of an accountant in the poverty alleviation policies and programmes of the federal government on rural communities in Nigeria?
  7. How one identifies the remote course of rural poverty especially in rural areas?
  8. Are there efforts made by governments to curb poverty in Nigeria in general?
  9. What are the areas in which poverty alleviation policies and programmes have improved the lives of people in Nigeria?
  10. Can one make suggestions and recommend towards policies on poverty alleviation?
    • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of the study has to do or reflect both in the theoretical and practical importance of the study.

Theoretically, the study will serve as an information guide for reservation and insight and interest in working in the areas of poverty alleviation on the rural communities in Nigeria.

Past governments have engage in the past time of glorifying poverty alleviation on the pages of newspapers and news conference but have failed to deliver.

The earliest poverty alleviation policies and programmes were the 1972 general Yakubu Gowon’s national acceleration food production programme and the Nigeria Agricultural and cooperative Bank entirely devoted  to finding agriculture. The (NAPPP) turned out to be a colossal waste and nothing was achieved. Then operation feed the nation came to limelight by military inanition, General Olusegun Obasanjo which expanded to go to the rural areas to teach the peasant farmers how to farm.

The scheme only success was in creating awareness of food shortage and the need to tackle the problem

Apart from all the policies been initiated by past military and civilian government my question goes in the way:

Would this present measure by president Goodluck Jonathan be any different, would they see out at last for the poor?

The previous measure all started like today’s own. The better life for rural women, the family support programme and the people bank were particularly interesting because they were directed to the poor.

  • DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This study will not seek to identify the cause of poverty over Nigeria with reference to rural communities. An accountant play very important role in the poverty alleviation policies and programmes of the federal government.

It is possible for one to identify the remote course of rural poverty especially in rural areas.

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There are lot efforts made by governments to curb poverty in Nigeria in general.

Poverty alleviation policies and programmes can improve the live of people in Nigeria.

  • LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

This project work had been undertaken within the framework of these limitations:

Time constraint: Time impose on the writer does not allow extensive coverage of all the aspect of the subject matter. The writer has been battling with time at the process of writing this project.

Financial constraint: Management of financial resources at the writer’s disposal has forced her to neglect some expensive material and activities which could have been useful to the work and this has led to the option of writing this work with the available materials at disposal.

Lack of relevant literature: Materials available in the school library are inadequate and greatly affected this write up.

  • DEFINITION OF TERMS

Poverty: Means the state of being poor. A state of beign without hope. Lacking and inferior.

Policy: According to Davis and Filley (1999) is a statement of a principle or group of principles with their supporting rules of action, that conditions and governs the achievement of certain objectives to which a business is directed.

Alleviation: According to Oxford Learner’s Dictionary pagr (978) defined it as the actions of reducing something or the state of being reduced.

Programme: Is a plan of picture events or activities, or of government of a country.

Growth: An increase in the size of an investment.

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